Are you want to become a professional interpreter?? Besides outstanding language skills in at least two languages, you also need to have a deep understanding of both cultures, and a broad range of interpreting skills. More Interview help Pritish Kumar Halder is here
What does interpreting involve?
Interpreters are different from translators. Interpreters work with the spoken word whereas translators work with the written word .Official interpreters need to have outstanding language skills in at least two languages, be confident linguists, have a deep understanding of both cultures and, above all, master the art of interpreting.
Interpreting assignments can entail working under pressure. This might includes travelling a lot, last minute call-outs and working out of hours. But don’t be put off by this. As you’ll find the thrill of interpreting more than makes up for it.
In short, interpreting is a wonderful career, whether freelance or in-house.
Career options for interpreters and types of interpreting
Conference interpreters can be employed as in-house staff interpreters by large international organizations. Such as the UN and EU, or they can be freelancers working at large international events and conferences.
The main type of interpreting used for conference interpreting is simultaneous interpreting. The interpreter works with a colleague in an interpreting booth. The speaker at the meeting talks into a microphone .The interpreter instantaneously transfers the message via a microphone to the delegates in their target language.
In many simultaneous conferences, the interpreter will be interpreted onward by other booths (relay interpreting), e.g. Turkish speaker >> English booth >> Korean booth >> Korean delegates’ headsets. Similarly, in many conferences, bilingual booths are used, with the interpreter working in more than one language.
Business interpreters interpret for business people, often at company meetings, training courses, business negotiations or any kind of company event. They are something of a hybrid form, as this work is sometimes undertaken by conference interpreters or public service interpreters.
The main type of interpreting used for business interpreting is consecutive interpreting. This is where the interpreter sits with the delegates and listens to the whole speech (which may last up to 20 or even 30 minutes) and then renders it into the participants’ own language.
Whispered interpreting (or chuchotage) is also used for business interpreting. This is where the interpreter stands or sits beside the delegate and interprets directly into their ear.
Public service interpreters
Public service interpreters work in a number of settings, which largely fall into two categories:
- Police and Court interpreters work in a legal environment in a variety of situations: interpreting for police interviews, attending court cases and working with the prison service. This type of work often entails extensive training and rigorous screening.
- Community interpreters work in the health and/or local government sectors (e.g. job centres, education, and housing), covering various situations including interpreting for hospital patients, helping people access essential educational services or assisting with housing issues.
- Remote interpreting is sometimes used in public service interpreting, where one or more speakers are not in the same room as the interpreter and they communicate with him or her via telephone or Skype, for example.
Sight translation and telephone interpreting are also useful skills to have.
In public service interpreting, liaison (or ad hoc) interpreting is commonly used, whereby the interpreter renders the speaker’s speech or live presentation into the target language a few phrases at a time. For one-to-one situations, whispered interpreting (chuchotage) can be used. Most public service interpreters choose to be listed on the National Register of Public Service Interpreters (NRPSI), as well as being members of ITI.
There is no specific university training for business interpreters, although they tend to have trained as conference and/or public service interpreters.
Conference interpreters are expected to have an MA in Interpreting (sometimes called an MA in Interpreting and Translation, a European Masters in Interpreting, or similar).These are offered by many universities in the UK and abroad. Many of the universities in the UK offering an MA in Interpreting or equivalent qualifications are Corporate Education members of ITI. Public service interpreters generally obtain the Diploma in Public Service Interpreting (DPSI), an MA in Public Service Interpreting (offered by some universities) or a similar qualification from abroad.
In practical terms, no two days in an interpreter’s life are ever the same. The variety of subjects is astonishing, assignments are often exciting, and you’re always out and about and talking to people.
Interpreters make it possible for people to have a voice and be heard by rendering what is being said into another language. Helping people communicate is a truly rewarding experience.
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